The quality that distinguishes one tone from another. The frequency of vibration, and one of the primary means of conveying emotion in music. A psychological construct, based on actual frequency and relative position in scale or spectrum (e.g. color)
The fundamental rate at which matter vibrates. Pitch is a mental representation of the frequency of an object.
A subset of pitches. Scales are arbitrary, cultures collectively choose “legal” pitches, and tune their instruments accordingly. (E.g. Western music vs. Indian). We associate certain scales with emotions and cultures, for example major scales are happy and minor scales are sad; (Blues scale, pentatonic or Chinese scale).
Duration of a series of notes.
Shape of a melody.
Distance between to tones - defines melodies
Quality of sound that distinguishes from one instrument from another. Is a consequence of overtones.
Physical amplitude of tone.
Where sound is coming from.
Perception of how distant a sound source is.
Synchronization of frequencies. Precise relationship between a “standard” frequency and the tone being played. (Sharp is rate “up” flat is rate “down”).
The way tones are grouped together through rhythm and loudness cues across time. (e.g. waltzes are in groups of 3, a march has a count of 2, etc).
Mental schema that assigns hierarchy to tones in a piece. This hierarchy only exists in our minds as a function of experiences as we develop understanding for music.
Pattern of pitch or successive relations of pitch across time. The personality or theme of a piece, succession of tones that stand out the most.
The way different tones relate, and the context os those relationships. These set up expectations for what comes next in a melody. (Chord progression).
Perceptual phenomenon that corresponds to doubling of halving of frequencies. Frequency ratio of 2:1 or 1:2. Spans cultures as the basis for music.
Three or more notes played at the same time
An organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of it’s parts.